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Before an oil and gas well can be drilled, a permit must be acquired. This map charts regulations that apply to well site permitting, designing, and planning that impact action before any dirt has been moved. The map compares regulations for baseline water source testing requirements; siting restrictions of wells, pits, tanks, and injection wells; filing storm water and erosion mitigation plans; and reclamation plans. It also compares the notification process for oil and gas operators.

This dataset includes law for 17 states and federal rules for lands and minerals managed by the Bureau of Land Management, Bureau of Indian Affairs, and the U.S. Forest Service, current as of November 25, 2015. To explore the variation in these laws, use the blue "Start Here" box below. For a summary of all of the law compiled for a specific jurisdiction, click on the corresponding part of the map. 

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Related Resources

LawAtlas Interactive Maps: 
Air Quality:  Air Quality Laws Pertaining to Oil and Gas Development
Water Quality:  Permitting, Design, and Construction
Water Quality:  Well Drilling
Water Quality:  Well Completion
Water Quality:  Production and Operation
Water Quality:  Reclamation
Water Quantity:  Quantity

Did you know?

Laws in 12 of the 18 jurisdictions examined here require some kind of baseline water testing before drilling oil or gas wells begins.

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Map Legend: State Included in research. Not included in research.