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This page includes all state safety and health standards that have not been adopted identically from the federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and that are meant to protect workers from specific workplace hazards. These General Industry standards apply to all employers in the state unless they are superseded by an industry-specific standard in one of the other five industrial categories (construction, agriculture, maritime, oil and gas, or mining), or unless the standard’s scope is clearly limited to certain industries or employers.

Safety and health regulations and laws (also known as “standards”) can prevent deaths, injuries, and illnesses that can occur on the job. The 1970 Occupational Safety and Health Act established OSHA to protect workers from occupational safety and health hazards. The Act also permitted states to substitute their own rulemaking and enforcement agencies for federal OSHA, as long as the state programs are “at least as effective” as the federal agency. This page includes standards in the 25 states with such agencies.

The questions on this page are based primarily on the classification of the federal OSHA regulations in 29 CFR 1910. We recommend that you refer to these federal regulations to assist in the interpretation of the dataset’s questions.

Related Resources

Federal OSHA's main page and state plans overview

Occupational Safety and Health State Plan Association (OSHSPA)

Federal Bureau of Labor Statistics’ occupational injuries, illness, and fatality data

AFL-CIO’s annual Death on the Job reports, documenting the scale of worker injury, illness, and death


See other maps for State Occupational Safety and Health Standards 

Construction Agriculture Maritime Oil and Gas Mining


Sammy Almashat, MD, MPH

Public Citizen


Did you know?

Seven states have retained more protective chemical exposure limits that were developed by federal OSHA in 1989 but rescinded by court order in 1993. Four other states have developed at least one chemical exposure limit that has never been adopted in a federal OSHA regulation.

Read more
Map Legend: State Included in research.