Attention: LawAtlas has moved. This archived version of LawAtlas contains some datasets pending migration. Visit us at our new location, .


Pharmacists increase access to health care in the United States by providing immunizations, emergency prescription refills, and counseling at locations that are more physically accessible for many patients. Most states now have laws that leverage pharmacists and their practice to expand access to care even further, through practice agreements with physicians and by delegating certain aspects of pharmacy practice to technicians.

This dataset examines statutes and regulations governing activities pharmacists can perform independently, activities pharmacists can perform with a practice agreement, and activities pharmacists can delegate to pharmacy technicians. It is limited to pharmacists with traditional education requirements and to pharmacists who practice in non-institutional settings, such as retail pharmacies, or who can practice in any setting without limitation in the law.

This page has been updated through July 1, 2015. To explore the variation in these laws, click the “Start Here” button below.

Related Resources

National Governor's Association - The Expanding Role of Pharmacists in a Transformed Health Care System

CDC Public Health Grand Rounds - How Pharmacists Can Improve Our Nation's Health


phlr fb small

Did you know?

Pharmacists are allowed to prescribe medication without physician authorization in Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Idaho, West Virginia, and Wyoming.

Read more
Map Legend: State Included in research.